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Renaissance Philosophy

After a long era of the Middle Ages, in its place, as a necessary condition for the progress of civilization was born of the Renaissance. She appeared in the first place, in people's minds, as some desire for change and a rapidly spread over the European continent. There has been a partial reversal back to ancient philosophy, which revived her popularity. The philosophy of the Renaissance (Renaissance) is a set of philosophies 14 – 16 cc., originally established in Italy and then in other European countries. For other opinions and approaches, find out what rothberg family has to say. Specific features of the philosophy of the Renaissance: The special interest in antiquity, exploring and commenting on sites Greek philosophical literature. Pantheistic interpretation of nature, according to which God is identified with his creations. Focusing on modern science, advances in science, especially the Copernican cosmology, voyages of discovery. The combination of theoretical and practical knowledge of the nature of its possession, the theoretical and magical, scientific approach to the world of mathematics, astronomy, mechanics, and "secret" science – magic astrology, alchemy.

Priority of the principle of anthropocentrism, in which the alleged value and beauty of man, his body and spirit, freedom and autonomy of the individual. Humanism (Latin: goto – people) Renaissance philosophy means prevailing at this time the movement of educated people, united by an interest in personality, a special type of philosophical outlook, which focuses on a man with his earthly deeds and achievements, its inherent nature abilities and inclinations. Humanism proclaimed benevolent attitude to the man, oriented to his freedom and dignity regardless of their social functions performed. It is a cultural practice times Renaissance humanism related occurrence, initiating an entirely new secular culture in many ways the opposite culture of the Middle Ages with its domination of religion and the church in spiritual and worldly matters. The ancestor of the humanist movement believe the poet and philosopher in the XIV. Francesco Petrarch, who did much to revive the works of ancient philosophy and literature. These Italian humanists end 14 – 1 and half of the 15 to as LS Salyutatti, P. Bracciolini, etc., are based on the fundamental difference between them from the medieval era that is driven by the principle of asceticism of the church. There is a shift in the position of anthropocentrism, praised a man, his ability, uniqueness, purpose.

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